Amanda Clarke

Associate Professor
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
6004

Biography

Amanda Clarke is an associate professor whose research focuses on the physics of volcanic eruptions, especially short-lived, highly-unsteady explosive eruptions and dome-building systems, fluid mechanics of multiphase volcanic systems, including viscous magmas and high-Reynolds number gas/solid mixtures. Her group also invests in developing and using numerical models and laboratory experiments to understand volcanic systems, as well as eruption prediction and hazards assessment, field and satellite observation of plumes and domes to understand physical processes, volcano deformation and its role in eruption prediction.

The Clarke group also explores interpretation of pyroclastic deposits on Earth and Mars, highly-explosive basaltic volcanism, cinder cone erosion and volcanic geomorphology, eruption triggering and interaction between geologic processes (e.g., earthquake-triggered volcanic activity and the interaction between volcanic plumes and Earth’s atmosphere).

Education

  • Ph.D. Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University 2002
  • B.S./B.A. Aerospace Engineering/Philosophy, University of Notre Dame 1994

Google Scholar

Research Interests

The physics of volcanic eruptions, especially short-lived, highly-unsteady explosive eruptions and dome-building systems; fluid mechanics of multiphase volcanic systems, including viscous magmas and high-Reynolds number gas/solid mixtures; developing and using numerical models and laboratory experiments to understand volcanic systems; eruption prediction and hazards assessment; field and satellite observation of plumes and domes to understand physical processes; volcano deformation and its role in eruption prediction; interpretation of pyroclastic deposits on Earth and Mars; highly-explosive basaltic volcanism; cinder cone erosion and volcanic geomorphology; eruption triggering and interaction between geologic processes (e.g., earthquake-triggered volcanic activity; the interaction between volcanic plumes and Earths atmosphere).

Research Activity

  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*, Roggensack,Kurt. Collaborative Research: Understanding the Causes of Highly explosive basaltic eruptions using the AD 1085 Sunset Crater eruption and its deposits. NSF-GEO-EAR(7/1/2013 - 6/30/2017).
  • Vanderkluysen,Loyc*, Clarke,Amanda Bachtell. Building the Deccan Traps: what can we learn from lava flow morphology in Large Igneous Provinces. NSF-GEO-EAR(7/1/2013 - 8/31/2014).
  • Arrowsmith,Ramon*, Clarke,Amanda Bachtell. Collaborative Research: REU Site: Integrative Approach to Landscape Evolution in a Monogenetic Volcanic Field San Francisco Volcanic Field Northern. NORTHERN AZ UNIV(5/26/2013 - 3/30/2015).
  • Arrowsmith,Ramon*, Clarke,Amanda Bachtell. Faculty for the Future Fellowship for Gayatri Marliyani. (5/15/2012 - 5/31/2016).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. Acquisition of Imaging Equipment to Understand the Dynamics of Explosive Volcanic Flows through Lab Experiments & Field Observations. NSF-GEO-EAR(9/1/2009 - 8/31/2012).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. The Dynamics of Short Duration, Unsteady Volcanic Eruptions. NSF-GEO-EAR(7/1/2008 - 6/30/2012).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. Investigating Characteristic Bedforms of Base Surge Deposits: Implications for Cross-Stratified Deposits at Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Landing Sites. NASA-GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CTR(9/1/2007 - 12/31/2008).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. Explosive Volcanism Workshop-Integrating Numerical and Lab Models of Explosive Eruptions with Field Obs: Understanding Pyroclastic Transport. NSF-GEO-EAR(2/1/2007 - 1/31/2008).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. Rapid Decompression of Pressurized Magma, and Laterally-Directed Blasts: Determining Required Initial Conditions and Predicting Hazards Using 3D Multi. NSF-GEO-EAR(12/1/2006 - 5/31/2011).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. Collaborative Research: The CALIPSO Project-Imaging the Magma Chamber on Montserrat. NSF-GEO(9/1/2006 - 8/31/2009).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. Exploring Vulcanian Explosions and Sedimentation Patterns Leading to Pyroclastic Density Currents Using Scaled Laboratory Experiments and Particle Ima. NSF-GEO(8/15/2005 - 7/31/2006).
  • Clarke,Amanda Bachtell*. UNDERSTANDING CONTROLS ON THE SCALE & STYLE OF EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS WITH OBSERVATIONAL & MULTI-PHASE COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES. NSF-GEO(8/1/2003 - 7/31/2007).

Courses

Fall 2018
Course Number Course Title
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
SES 494 Special Topics
SES 591 Seminar
SES 592 Research
SES 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
Summer 2018
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 394 Special Topics
SES 692 Research
SES 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
Spring 2018
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 422 Planetary Volcanology
GLG 499 Individualized Instruction
GLG 598 Special Topics
SES 692 Research
SES 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
Fall 2017
Course Number Course Title
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 499 Individualized Instruction
SES 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
Summer 2017
Course Number Course Title
SES 692 Research
SES 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
Spring 2017
Course Number Course Title
GLG 499 Individualized Instruction
GLG 592 Research
AST 592 Research
GLG 599 Thesis
AST 692 Research
SES 692 Research
GLG 692 Research
SES 792 Research
GLG 792 Research
AST 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
AST 799 Dissertation
GLG 799 Dissertation
Fall 2016
Course Number Course Title
GLG 592 Research
GLG 599 Thesis
SES 692 Research
AST 692 Research
GLG 692 Research
AST 792 Research
GLG 792 Research
SES 792 Research
SES 799 Dissertation
GLG 799 Dissertation
AST 799 Dissertation
Summer 2016
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 394 Special Topics
GLG 592 Research
AST 692 Research
GLG 792 Research
GLG 799 Dissertation
Spring 2016
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
AST 592 Research
GLG 592 Research
GLG 599 Thesis
GLG 692 Research
AST 692 Research
GLG 792 Research
AST 792 Research
GLG 799 Dissertation
AST 799 Dissertation
Fall 2015
Course Number Course Title
GLG 420 Volcanology
GLG 499 Individualized Instruction
GLG 592 Research
GLG 598 Special Topics
GLG 599 Thesis
GLG 692 Research
AST 692 Research
GLG 792 Research
AST 792 Research
GLG 799 Dissertation
AST 799 Dissertation
Summer 2015
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 592 Research
GLG 792 Research
Spring 2015
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 499 Individualized Instruction
AST 592 Research
GLG 592 Research
GLG 599 Thesis
GLG 692 Research
AST 692 Research
GLG 792 Research
AST 792 Research
GLG 799 Dissertation
AST 799 Dissertation
Fall 2014
Course Number Course Title
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
GLG 422 Planetary Volcanology
GLG 598 Special Topics
Summer 2014
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
Spring 2014
Course Number Course Title
GLG 110 Dangerous World
GLG 111 Dangerous World Laboratory
Fall 2013
Course Number Course Title
GLG 420 Volcanology
GLG 598 Special Topics

Presentations

  • Amanda B Clarke. Experimental Insights into Explosive Eruption Dynamics. Department Colloquium -- University of Florida, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (Dec 2009).
  • Amanda B Clarke, Brittany D Brand. Comparing the dynamics of pyroclastic density currents on Earth and Mars. Commission on Explosive Volcanism Workshop, Clermont-Ferrand France (Nov 2009).
  • Brittany D Brand, Amanda B Clarke. Comparing the dynamics of pyroclastic density currents on Earth and Mars. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting (Oct 2009).
  • Amanda B Clarke. Short-lived explosive eruptions: anatomy of a discrete pulse, insight gained from analogue modeling. Michigan Tech University, Department of Geological Engineering and Sciences Colloquium (Sep 2009).
  • Amanda B Clarke. Experimental Insights into Explosive Eruption Dynamics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Meeting (Jul 2009).
  • Brand, B, Clarke, Amanda, Semken, Steven. Eruptive and Depositional Processes of Narbona Pass Maar Volcano, Navajo Volcanic Field, Navajo Nation, New Mexico. Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Meeting (Mar 2008).
  • Genareau, Kimberly, Clarke, Amanda, Hervig, Richard. Constraining Pre-eruptive Pressure/Temperature Variations, Transition From Chamber to Conduit, and Crystal Growth Rates: a SIMS Examination of Plagioclase Phenocrysts. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (Dec 2007).
  • Bowles, Z, Clarke, Amanda, Greeley, R. Lava Flow Lengths and Historic Eruptive Parameters: Implications for the Volcanic History of the Batamote Mountains, Ajo, Arizona. AGU Fall Meeting (Dec 2006).
  • Brand, B, Clarke, Amanda. Mega-features at the Table Rock phreatomagmatic complex in Christmas Valley, Oregon; Law of original horizontality need not apply. AGU Fall Meeting (Dec 2006).
  • Clarke, Amanda, Phillips, J, Chojnicki, K. Investigating the dynamics of Vulcanian explosions: scaled laboratory experiments of particle-laden puffs. AGU Fall Meeting (Dec 2006).
  • Genareau, Kimberly, Clarke, Amanda, Hervig, Richard. Pre-Eruptive Changes in Physical Conduit Dynamics Recorded in the Final Stage of Phenocryst Growth. AGU Fall Meeting (Dec 2006).
  • Voight, B, Mattioli, G, Linde, A, Sacks, I, Young, S, Malin, P, Shalev, E, Hidayat, D, Elsworth, D, Widiwijayanti, C, Miller, V, McWhorter, N, Schleigh, B, Johnston, W, Sparks, R, Neuberg, J, Bass, V, Dunkley, P, Herd, R, Jolly, A, Norton, G, Syers, T, Thompson, G, Williams, C, Williams, D, Clarke, Amanda. CALIPSO Borehole Monitoring Project at Soufri�re Hills Volcano, Montserrat, BWI: Overview, and Response of Magma Reservoir to Prodigious Dome Collapse. Soufri�re Hills Volcano -- Ten-Years On Scientific Conference (Jul 2005).
  • Widiwijayanti, C, Clarke, Amanda, Elsworth, D, Voight, B. Geodetic Constraints on the Shallow Magma System at Soufri�re Hills Volcano, Montserrat. Soufri�re Hills Volcano -- Ten-Years On Scientific Conference (Jul 2005).
  • Clarke, Amanda, Stephens, S, Teasdale, R, Sparks, R, Diller, K. Petrological constraints on dynamic eruptive processes: reconciling data and numerical formulations. Soufri�re Hills Volcano -- Ten-Years On Scientific Conference (Jul 2005).
  • Diller, K, Clarke, Amanda, Neri, A, Voight, B. Influence of conduit processes on explosion dynamics: Integrating field data and numerical models. Soufri�re Hills Volcano -- Ten-Years On Scientific Conference (Jul 2005).
  • Esposti-Ongaro, T, Clarke, Amanda, Neri, A, Voight, B. Multiphase numerical simulations of directed blasts and their pyroclastic density currents: pressurization and topographic controls for the December 1997 Boxing Day event, Montserrat, and the 1902 events at Montagne Pel�e, Martinique. Soufri�re Hills Volcano -- Ten-Years On Scientific Conference (Jul 2005).
  • Genareau, K, Clarke, Amanda, Hervig, R. Conduit processes revealed by surface analysis of plagioclase phenocrysts?. Soufri�re Hills Volcano -- Ten-Years On Scientific Conference (Jul 2005).
  • Chojnicki, K, Clarke, Amanda, Phillips, J, Monninger, J. Exploring the behavior of solid/gas mixtures via analog shock-tube experiments. IAVCEI General Assembly (Nov 2004).
  • Diller, K, Clarke, Amanda, Neri, A, Voight, B. Conduit flow characteristics and the impact they have on explosive eruptions. IAVCEI General Assembly (Nov 2004).
  • Mattioli, G, Voight, B, Young, S, Linde, A, Sacks, I, Malin, P, Shalev, E, Hidayat, D, Elsworth, D, Widiwijayanti, C, Miller, V, McWhorter, N, Schleigh, B, Johnston, W, Sparks, R, Neuberg, J, Bass, V, Dunkley, P, Herd, R, Jolly, A, Norton, G, Syers, T, Thomson, G, Williams, P, Williams, D, Clarke, Amanda. CALIPSO project at Soufri�re Hills Volcano, Montserrat: Prototype PBO instrumentation installed and captures massive dome collapse of July 2003. IAVCEI General Assembly (Nov 2004).
  • Phillips, Jeremy, Clarke, Amanda, Fletcher, Michael. Bubble-Driven Conduit Convection. IAVCEI General Assembly (Nov 2004).
  • Riley, S, Clarke, Amanda, Watts, R, Suh, C. Deformation measurements on Mount Cameroon. IAVCEI General Assembly (Nov 2004).
  • Stephens, S, Clarke, Amanda, Sparks, R, Teasdale, R. Petrological constraints on the decompression history of magma prior to Vulcanian explosions at the Soufri�re Hills volcano, Montserrat. IAVCEI General Assembly (Nov 2004).
  • Brand, B, Clarke, Amanda, Semken, S, Sandoval, C. Dynamics of a Phreatomagmatic Eruption at Narbona Pass Volcano, Navajo Volcanic Field, Navajo Nation, New Mexico. AGU Fall Meeting
  • Chojnicki, K, Clarke, Amanda, Phillips, J. Exploring the Behavior of Solid/Gas Mixtures via Shock-Tube Experiments With Relevance to Vulcanian Eruptions. AGU Fall Meeting
  • Clarke, Amanda. Environmental Fluid Dynamics Seminar
  • Clarke, Amanda, Phillips, J, Chojnicki, K. Investigating the dynamics of Vulcanian explosions using scaled laboratory experiments. AGU, Fall Meeting
  • Clarke, Amanda.
  • Clarke, Amanda. Environmental Fluid Dynamics Seminar
  • Diller, K, Clarke, Amanda, Voight, B, Neri, A. Integrating Fragmentation Criteria with Dynamic Conduit Models: the Significance of Syn-eruptive Bubble Expansion in Vulcanian Explosions. AGU Fall Meeting
  • Genareau, K, Clarke, Amanda, Hervig, R. Soufri�re Hills Plagioclase: Postcards From the Edge. AGU Fall Meeting
  • Ongaro, T, Clarke, Amanda, Neri, A, Voight, B, Widiwijayanti, C. A new high-performance 3D multiphase flow code to simulate volcanic blasts and pyroclastic density currents: example from the Boxing Day event, Montserrat. AGU Fall Meeting
  • Riley, S, Clarke, Amanda, Watts, R, Suh, C. Investigating Mount Cameroon's Magma Chamber System. AGU Fall Meeting
  • Clarke, Amanda.
  • Clarke, Amanda. Environmental Fluid Dynamics Seminar
  • Clarke, Amanda.
  • Clarke, Amanda. Effects of Conduit Flow Parameters On Vulcanian Explosion Characteristics. American Geophysical Union

Service

  • Planetary Atmospheres -- ad hoc search committee, member (2009 - Present)
  • Planetary Surfaces -- ad hoc search committee, member (2009 - Present)
  • documentary film opening/SESE outreach event, panel member (2009 - Present)
  • Solid Earth, Topical Editor (2009 - Present)
  • Solid Earth, Topical Editor (2009 - Present)
  • Arizona Science Center -- pajama party for junior high school girls, presenter (2009 - Present)
  • Adult Night Out -- Arizona Science Center, presenter (2009 - Present)
  • SESE curriculum committee, member (2009 - Present)
  • Commission on Explosive Volcanism (IAVCEI/IUGG), Chair (2008 - Present)
  • Commission on Explosive Volcanism (IAVCEI/IUGG), Chair (2008 - Present)
  • Journal of Volcanology of Geothermal Research, Guest Editor (2008 - Present)
  • Journal of Volcanology of Geothermal Research, Editorial Board/Associate Editor (2008 - Present)
  • Journal of Volcanology of Geothermal Research, Editorial Board/Associate Editor (2008 - Present)
  • Earth Science Day, Speaker (2004 - Present)
  • Sally Ride Festival, Speaker (2004 - Present)
  • PhD exam committees, Member (2003 - Present)
  • Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) representative (volcano monitoring and hazards), Representative (1997 - Present)
  • Explosive Volcanism Workshop; Prescott, AZ, Workshop organizer (2007 - 2007)
  • Faculty Computing Committee (ad hoc), Member (2006 - 2007)
  • Faculty Search -- Fulton School of Engineering, Committee member (2006 - 2007)
  • Faculty member search, Committee member (2006 - 2007)
  • Seminar series, Organizer (2006 - 2006)
  • J. of Volcanol. Geophys. Res., Geophys. Res. Lett., Bull. Volcanol., Geology, Peer reviewer (2006 - 2006)
  • NSF - EAR (Geochemistry & Petrology; Sedimentology & Paleobiology), Peer Reviewer (2006 - 2006)
  • Systems Engineer Search Committee, Committee member (2005 - 2006)
  • SESE Director Search Committee, Committee member (2005 - 2006)
  • American Geophysical Union, Session Convenor (2005 - 2005)
  • J. of Volcanol. Geophys. Res., Geophys. Res. Lett., Bull. Volcanol, Peer reviewer (2005 - 2005)
  • Earth Science Day, Public Lecture (2005 - 2005)
  • Volcanoes for Lunch, Organizer (2004 - 2005)
  • Sally Ride Festival, Speaker (2005 - 2005)
  • Faculty Research Seminar, Organizer (2004 - 2004)
  • International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI), Session Convenor (2003 - 2004)
  • Bulletin of Volcanology, Peer Reviewer (2004)
  • National Science Foundation -- EAR -- Sedimentology and Paleobiology, Peer Reviewer (2004)
  • National Science Foundation EAR -- Petrology and Geochemistry, Peer Reviewer (2004)
  • SESE Steering Committee, Member (2004)
  • SESE structure/governance subcommittee, Member (2004)
  • The Royal Society of London, Summer Science Exhibition, Presenter (2004)
  • Jennifer Monninger, Mentor (2004 - 2004)
  • American Geophysical Union, Session Chair (2003 - 2003)
  • American Geophysical Union, Judge for student paper competition (2003)
  • Desert Vista High School, Presentation (2003)
  • Earth Science Day, Talk (2003)
  • J. of Volcanol. Geophys. Res., Geophys. Res. Lett., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, Peer referee (2003)
  • National Science Foundation - EAR & CMG, Peer reviewer (2003)
  • European Union Volcanology Network short-course, Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal, Co-Instructor (2003 - 2003)
  • Issues in Geosciences MSci program, University of Bristol, Team-Lecturer (2002 - 2002)
  • State College, PA, Primary Schools (volcano monitoring and hazards), Presenter (1997 - 2002)

Expertise Areas