BS Earth and Space Exploration (Geological Sciences)

In the geological sciences program, you explore Earth by applying field and laboratory techniques to understand how rocks form, mountains are built, volcanoes erupt and earthquakes happen. You learn to solve scientific problems aimed at understanding the fundamental processes responsible for the evolution of our planet.


Geological science is the study of Earth and other planets with an emphasis on the processes that have shaped them since the origin of the solar system. Students explore topics such as the co-evolution of life, oceans, atmosphere and the Earth's climate system, and the record of that evolution encoded in rocks, soil, ice and isotopes.

The BS program in earth and space exploration with a concentration in geological sciences educates students in the fundamentals of geological sciences, providing a solid background in chemistry, mathematics and physics as well as mineralogy, structural geology, field geology and a variety of geologic subdisciplines.

Students gain a strong understanding of field methods as well as modern computing, remote sensing and instrumentation to effectively study the natural environment and Earth's resources. Graduates of the program can apply their knowledge for the benefit of Arizona, the nation and society in general.

Students currently enrolled in the Bachelor of Science in earth and space exploration (geological sciences) may not pursue a concurrent degree with the BS in earth and space exploration, the BS in earth and space exploration (astrophysics), the BA in earth and environmental studies, the BS in earth and space exploration (astrobiology and biogesciences) or the BS in earth and space exploration (exploration systems design) due to the high level of overlap in curriculum. Students should speak with their academic advisor for any further questions.

At a Glance

  • Location: Tempe campus
  • Additional Program Fee: Yes
  • Second Language Requirement: No
  • First Required Math Course: MAT 265 - Calculus for Engineers I
  • Math Intensity: Substantial program math intensity substantial

Admission Requirements

General University Admission Requirements:

All students are required to meet general university admission requirements.

Freshman | Transfer | International | Readmission

Change of Major Requirements

A current ASU student has no additional requirements for changing majors.

Students should refer to for information about how to change a major to this program.

Transfer Options

ASU is committed to helping students thrive by offering tools that allow personalization of the transfer path to ASU. Students may use the Transfer Map search to outline a list of recommended courses to take prior to transfer.

ASU has transfer partnerships in Arizona and across the country to create a simplified transfer experience for students. These pathway programs include exclusive benefits, tools and resources, and help students save time and money in their college journey. Students may learn more about these programs by visiting the admission site:

Global Opportunities

Global Experience

With over 250 programs in more than 65 countries (ranging from one week to one year), study abroad is possible for all ASU students wishing to gain global skills and knowledge in preparation for a 21st-century career. Students earn ASU credit for completed courses, while staying on track for graduation, and may apply financial aid and scholarships toward program costs.


Sample careers include:

  • environmental geologist
  • geological engineer
  • geologist
  • mining geologist
  • petroleum geologist
  • science policy intern
  • science writer

Sample career settings include:

  • environmental industry
  • geotechnical industry
  • mining and petroleum industries
  • museums
  • publishers

Some of the listed careers may require advanced degrees or additional certifications. This program also provides suitable preparation for graduate study.


  • Growth: 5.0%
  • Median Salary*: $60,120


  • Growth: 14.0%
  • Median Salary*: $89,850
Green Occupation   Bright Outlook

Geology Professor

  • Growth: 9.5%
  • Median Salary*: $87,380
  Bright Outlook


  • Growth: 9.9%
  • Median Salary*: $118,970
Green Occupation   Bright Outlook


  • Growth: 9.9%
  • Median Salary*: $79,990
Green Occupation   Bright Outlook

Park Ranger

  • Growth: 6.3%
  • Median Salary*: $61,480

Soil Conservationist

  • Growth: 6.3%
  • Median Salary*: $61,480
Green Occupation

* Data obtained from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Labor/Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA).